Basic Structure of HTML

Basic Structure of HTML


<HTML>
<HEAD>
.............
.............
.............
</HEAD>
<BODY>
............
.............
.............
</BODY>
</HTML>

HTML Tag <HTML>

The <HTML> tag encloses all other HTML tags and associated text within your document. It is an optional tag. You can create an HTML document that omits these tags, and your browser can still read it and display it. But it is always a good form to include the start and stop tags.

The format is:

<HTML>

Your Title and Document (contains text with HTML tags) goes here

</HTML>

Most HTML tags have two parts, an opening tag and closing tag. The closing tag is the same as the opening tag, except for the slash mark  e.g</HTML>. The slash mark is always used in closing tags.

An HTML document has two distinct parts HEAD and BODY.


HEAD Tag <HEAD>

HEAD tag comes after the HTML start tag. It contains TITLE tag to give the document a title that displays on the browsers title bar at the top.

The Format is:

<HEAD>
<TITLE>
Your title goes here
</TITLE>
</HEAD>

BODY Tag <BODY>

The BODY tag contains all the text and graphics of the document with all the HTML tags that are used for control and formatting of the page.

The Format is:

<BODY>
Your Document goes here
</BODY>

An HTML document, web page can be created using a text editor, Notepad or WordPad. All the HTML documents should have the extension .htm or .html. It requires a web browser like Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator/Communicator to view the document.

Attributes of <BODY> Tags

BGCOLOR: used to set the background color for the document

Example:

<BODY BGCOLOR="yellow">
Your document text goes here.
</BODY>

TEXT: used to set the color of the text of the document

Example:

<BODY TEXT="red">
Document text changed to red color
</BODY>

LEFTMARGIN: set the left hand margin of the document 

Example:

<BODY LEFTMARGIN="60">
This document is indented 60 pixels from the left hand side
of the page.
</BODY>

TOPMARGIN: set the left hand margin of the document

Example:

<BODY TOPMARGIN="60">
This document is indented 60 pixels from the top of the page.
</BODY>

BACKGROUND: It is used to point to an image file (the files with an extension .gif, .jpeg) that will be used as the background of the document. The image file will be tiled across the document.

Example:

<BODY BACKGROUND="filename.gif">
Your document text goes here
</BODY>


Html : Basic Structure of HTML Program List